What is periodontal disease?

Periodontal diseases are infectious-type pathologies caused mainly by bacteria, which affect the periodontium (tissue that supports the teeth).

Periodontitis is linked to respiratory disease, rheumatoid arthritis, coronary artery disease, and blood glucose control problems in diabetes. In addition, periodontal disease can double the risk of having a premature birth.


When it only affects the gums, it is called gingivitis, with redness, inflammation and bleeding of the gums due to the deposit of bacterial plaque and tartar.
Gingivitis is considered a mild form of periodontal disease that with good hygiene and regular cleaning is controllable and reversible, but always with professional supervision, support and advice.


If this gingivitis is maintained for a long time and other factors such as environmental, genetic or local factors are also present, it can evolve and end up becoming a periodontal disease as such (periodontitis or popularly called "pyorrhoea"), affecting not only the gums, but also the bone.


Prevention and maintenance

The ideal approach to the problem is based on the correct diagnosis and prevention, maintaining oral hygiene and being accompanied by regular visits to the dentist.

An effective diagnosis should always be made by a professional to assess which treatment would be the most appropriate for each patient.

For its prevention and maintenance, it is essential to follow a regular hygiene protocol carried out by our qualified personnel.

Causes of periodontal disease

The bacteria in plaque cause periodontal disease. If it's not carefully removed every day with brushing and flossing, plaque hardens into a hard, porous substance called calculus (also known as tartar). Toxins produced by plaque irritate the gums. When the toxins remain in place for a period of time, they cause the gums to pull away from the teeth and periodontal pockets form, which fill with more toxins and bacteria.

Although bacteria are the only ones that can cause periodontal disease, there are other factors that can make it worse, such as: genetics, tobacco, stress, diabetes and obesity.

Causes of periodontal disease


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